A Landing a Day

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Black Hills, Wyoming (and South Dakota)

Posted by graywacke on February 8, 2017

First timer?  In this formerly once-a-day blog (and now pretty much a once-every-four-or-five days blog), I use an app that provides a random latitude and longitude that puts me somewhere in the continental United States (the lower 48).  I call this “landing.”

I keep track of the watersheds I land in, as well as the town or towns I land near.  I do some internet research to hopefully find something of interest about my landing location. 

To find out more about A Landing A Day (like who “Dan” is) please see “About Landing” above.  To check out some recent changes in how I do things, check out “About Landing (Revisited).”

Landing number 2324; A Landing A Day blog post number 755.

untitledDan:  Today’s lat/long (44o 15.219’N, 104o 5.693’W) puts me right on the WY/SD border, but evidently in WY based on the title of this post:

landing-1

Now wait a second.  This is landing 2324.  Just one landing ago (landing 2323, of course), I said this:

Today’s lat/long (46o 59.713’N, 115o 5.323’W) puts me right on the ID/MT border, but evidently in ID based on the title of this post:

landing-1

And then, just a few landings ago (landing 2318), I said this:

Today’s lat/long (33o 28.047’N, 103o 1.395’W) puts me right on the border between New Mexico & Texas, but evidently in Texas based on the title of this post:

old-levelland

And then, just one landing earlier (2317), I said this:

Today’s lat/long (43o 26.229’N, 96o 34.897’W) puts me right on the border between Florida & Georgia, but evidently in Georgia based on the title of this post:

old-georgia

And the above doesn’t include landing 2320, where I said this:

Today’s lat/long (48o 55.744’N, 120o 28.710’W) puts me right up against the Canadian border in N-Cen Washington:

landing-13

All I can say is:  This is a remarkable run of truly right-on-theborder landings!

Ça suffit. (“That’s enough” in French, also the name of one of our dogs.  Pronounced sah soo-fee.)

Here’s my local landing map, confirming that I in fact landed in Wyoming:

landing-2

As you can see, it’s not at all obvious that I’m in the Black Hills, although it will be obvious soon enough.

And it’s finally time for my watershed analysis.  And a drop of water makes it to 8 (count ‘em) 8 named streams.  This map shows the first five:

landing-3a

I landed in the watershed of Cold Springs Creek, on to Sand Creek, on to Redwater Creek, on to the Redwater River (1st hit ever!), on to the Bell Fourche River (5th hit, making the Bell Fourche the 168th river on my list of rivers with 5 or more hits).

Zooming back:

landing-3b

You can see that the Bell Fourche discharges to the Cheyenne (19th hit); on to the Missouri (418th hit); and on to the 8th named stream, none other than the Mighty Mississippi (906th hit).

For the record, out of 2324 landings, this is the 20th time I’ve had 8 named streams in my watershed analysis.  Nine named streams?  Three times.  Ten named streams?  Three times.  Eleven named streams?  Never.

Oh, all right.  I’m on a roll.  I’ve logged 8,437 named streams in all of my watershed analyses.  Dividing by 2324 landings, that comes to 3.63 named streams per landing.

Ça suffit!

It’s time (way past time, some readers might be thinking) for my Google Earth (GE) spaceflight into far eastern Wyoming.  Click HERE to enjoy the trip.

You may have noticed the big dark blob on your ride in on the yellow push pin.  That’s the Black Hills.  Here’s a static GE shot, with bonus coverage of the South Dakota Badlands:

ge1

I won’t bother with Street View coverage of my landing (it’s non-existant), but I will take a look at Sand Creek:

ge-sv-cold-springs-map

And here’s what the Orange Dude sees:

ge-sv-cold-springs

After the Orange Dude looked at the stream, I had him take a quick stroll through the teeny town of Beulah, just east of the bridge.  Here’s what he saw:

ge-sv-motorcycles-beuhlah

And this:

ge-sv-motorcycles-beuhlah2

Hmmmm.  A biker bar, eh?  Well, we’re only about 30 miles west of Sturgis SD, which has an enormous motorcycle rally every August.  The date of the Street View photos?  August 2012. 

So anyway, I landed in the Black Hills, and decided to titularize* the entire region, rather than any particular towns.  I’ll actually be spending more time in South Dakota than in Wyoming, but it’s all about the Black Hills, not a particular state.

          *Don’t bother looking up “titularize.”  I made it up.

 I’ll be covering geology, Native American history, white man history and my personal connection to the Black Hills.

Here’s the opening Wiki paragraph on the Black Hills:

The Black Hills are a small, isolated mountain range rising from the Great Plains of North America in western South Dakota and extending into Wyoming.  The name “Black Hills” is a translation of the Lakota Pahá Sápa. The hills were so-called because of their dark appearance from a distance, as they were covered in trees [and still are, as evidenced by GE].

Pahá Sápa.  Boy, that takes me back to the summer of 1975.  I was at Kent State University’s Black Hills geology field camp, a six-week course of study to learn methods in geologic descriptions and mapping (and I mapped the Pahá Sápa Limestone formation, but I’m sure I didn’t add the accents).

But before I go into my personal connection with the Black Hills (and the Paha Sapa Limestone), let me get to more general Black Hills geology.

From Northern State University:

Toward the end of the Cretaceous [about 65 million years ago, more-or-less at the time of the great meteor strike that wiped out the dinosaurs], the Black Hills were thrust up during a period of mountain building. This mountain building episode coincides with mountain building going on for the Rocky Mountains, even though the Black Hills are separated from the nearest Rocky Mountain Range (the Wind River Range in Central WY), by more than 150 miles.

At that time the highest Black Hills elevations were probably over 15,000 feet above mean sea level.

[Wow!  The Black Hills were certainly the Black Mountains back in the day!]

Over time, this uplifted dome was eroded down to its present elevation, with the highest Black Hills peak at elevation 7,244’.

The oldest rocks are found in the center of the uplifted, eroded dome. These rocks are metamorphic, mostly slates and quartzites, and are over 2 billion years old. Intruded into these are granites, such as one sees at Harney Peak and Mount Rushmore.

Moving out from the central core of the Black Hills, one encounters progressively younger formations encircling one another.

I always imagined this as a fist of old rock punching up through (and bending/breaking) younger rock layers.  Here’s a cross section from University of South Florida:

x-section

Unit 1 is likely the 2 billion-year-old metamorphic rock formation, while unit 2 is the granite that intruded.

The other units are all sedimentary, ranging in age from Cambrian (Unit 3 at around 500 million years old) to Jurassic (Unit 10 at around 175 million years old).  You can see all of the erosion that took place (and why the mountains used to be at an elevation of 15,000′).

Even though I’m a geologist, I never memorized the geologic time scale, so I always have to bring one up on my computer.  Here’s the one I happened to use:

geological-time-scale

As all regular readers know, I assiduously avoid controversy on this blog, especially of a religious or political nature.  But I must say:  All of the ages on the above figure (including the age of the earth at 4.6 billion years) are facts.  Day follows night, the earth orbits the sun, and gravity causes objects to fall to earth.  Likewise, the earth is 4.6 billion years old.  This is not something I believe.  This is simply a fact.

I think I’ll dive right in to some personal stories about my 1975 experience at Kent State’s geology field camp in the Black Hills.

When I was there, the Paha Sapa Limestone was far and away my favorite geologic unit in the Black Hills, for two reasons.  One, I loved the name (and saying the name), and two, it was easy to recognize out in the field.  So we’d be wandering around at a mapping location, confused as hell about what geologic units we were looking at, when we’d come across a lovely outcropping of the Paha Sapa Limestone.  Then (because the stratigraphy is very regular), we could determine what units were above and below the Paha Sapa.

One of our mapping areas was Little Elk Creek Canyon.  It took quite a while to find it on GE, but find it I did.  Here ‘tis:

little-elk-creek-canyon

We had to map the walls of the canyon, showing all of the geologic formations along the way.  I’m guessing a little about our start and finish pints, but what I show is just a little over a mile (which seems about right).

I found a couple of GE Panoramio photos in the canyon, both by Alan Aker.  Here’s what he labeled one of them:

little-elk-creek-canyon2

Hmmmm.  Limestone, eh?  Betcha it’s the Paha Sapa . . .

pano-alan-aker

OK, so maybe I’m not totaly sure it’s the Paha Sapa, but for the purpose of this blog, let’s just say it is. 

Anyway, see the photo icon under the word “limestone” on the GE shot above the photo?  Here’s another Alan Aker shot:

pano-alan-aker2

Believe it or not, this spot actually looks familiar.  I feel like I sat on the big rock on the right. What the heck, it was only 42 years ago!

So, another mapping project was Whitewood Peak (just outside of the town of Deadwood):

whitewood-peak

Just a quick story.  I was part of a three-person mapping team, armed with a topographic map (so we could keep track of where we are).  Our task was to plot geologic formations and any geologic features (like folds or faults) on the map.

Well, we went up a ridge, and down into a valley.  Then up another ridge, and down to another valley.  Maybe another ridge, I don’t remember.  But what I remember is that in spite of being in possession of a good map and a compass, we became hopelessly lost, unable to figure out where we were on the map.

This isn’t a minor problem – this is a we’re-going-to-flunk-this-project kind of a problem.  You can’t put geologic formations on a map when you don’t know where you are.

In a growing panic, we decided to find a high spot, where maybe we’d be able to get our bearings.  We found a high spot, but were still clueless. 

We found a higher spot, and were still clueless. 

We found a higher spot yet, and were still lost until we found a U.S. Geological Survey bench mark.  In a total are-you-kidding-me moment, we saw that the bench mark was labeled “Whitewood Peak.”  We finally knew where we were.

Although we had wasted some number of hours wandering around lost, we were able to get enough information on our map (plus a little more information from another team we ran into) that we got by.

Another mapping project was Bear Butte:

bear-butte-1

You can see that it’s not part of the Black Hills proper.  Here are a few pictures of Bear Butte from South Dakota Magazine (photos by Jan Nickelson):

bearbutte_en-au780515639-bing-wallpaper

bear-butte-p1220905_fitbox_759x759

bear-butte-p1120027_fitbox_759x759

From Wiki:

Bear Butte is located near Sturgis, South Dakota.  An important landmark and religious site for the Plains Indians tribes long before Europeans reached South Dakota, Bear Butte is called Mathó Pahá, Bear Mountain, by the Lakota and Sioux. To the Cheyenne, it is known as Noahȧ-vose (“giving hill”) or Náhkȯhe-vose (“bear hill”), and is the place where Ma’heo’o (God) imparted to Sweet Medicine, a Cheyenne prophet, the knowledge from which the Cheyenne derive their religious, political, social, and economic customs.

The mountain is sacred to many indigenous peoples, who make pilgrimages to leave prayer cloths and tobacco bundles tied to the branches of the trees along the mountain’s flanks. Other offerings are often left at the top of the mountain. The site is associated with various religious ceremonies throughout the year. The mountain is a place of prayer, meditation, and peace.

Human artifacts have been found on or near Bear Butte that date back 10,000 years, indicating a long and continuous interest in the mountain. The Cheyenne and Lakota people have maintained a spiritual interest in Bear Butte from their earliest recorded history.

Notable visitors like Red Cloud, Crazy Horse, and Sitting Bull made pilgrimages to the site. In 1857, a council of many Indian nations gathered at Bear Butte to discuss the growing presence of white settlers in the Black Hills.

[OK.  Here comes the inevitable:]

Violating a treaty of 1868, George Armstrong Custer led an expedition to the Black Hills region in 1874, and camped near Bear Butte. Custer verified the rumors of gold in the Black Hills, and Bear Butte then served as an easily identifiable landmark for the rush of invading prospectors and settlers into the region.

Indian reaction to the illegal movements of whites into the area was intense and hostile. Ultimately the government reneged on its treaty obligations regarding the Black Hills and instead embarked on a program to confine all northern Plains tribes to reservations.

Before a little geology, here’s a great picture of the Butte from BlackHillsBadlands.com:

cc09-11-09-bearbuttebarn00094

Here’s a little quick geology.

Bear Butte is a geological laccolith, which is an intrusion of molten rock (magma) that uplifts and deforms surrounding rock structures.  In a way, it’s a mini Black Hills, as the core of the “butte” is igneous, and it has punched through and deformed sedimentary rocks around it, just like the much larger Black Hills.

I don’t remember much about our mapping exercise, except that my team spent more time confused than we did methodically preparing a geologic map.

Post Script:  I received straight A’s at Kent State, where I was a Master’s student in geology.  Except for that pesky B I got in field camp – which was actually a gift, only because my professors thought I was a good guy with a good attitude . . .

To round out the Native American history side of things (already touched on in my piece about Bear Butte), here’s some more, from Wiki:

The U.S. government signed the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868, establishing the Great Sioux Reservation west of the Missouri River, and exempting the Black Hills from all white settlement forever. However, when settlers discovered gold there in 1874, as a result of George Armstrong Custer’s Black Hills Expedition, miners swept into the area in a gold rush. The US government took back the Black Hills and in 1889 reassigned the Lakota, against their wishes, to five smaller reservations in southwestern South Dakota, selling off 9 million acres of their former land.

There you have it.

On second thought, I don’t think I’ll bother with the “white man’s history” portion of this post.  Sufficeth to say, when the whites poured in looking for gold, towns like Deadwood were classic old west shoot ‘em up kind of places.  Calamity Jane and Wild Bill Hickock (shot in the back of his head while playing poker) – are the most famous members of the “Notable Deadwood Residents” club.

The Homestake Gold mine (located in Lead, just down the road from Deadwood) operated from the 1870s until 2001.  It was the largest and deepest gold mine in the United States, and produced more than 40 million troy ounces of gold.  By the way, a “troy ounce” is about 10% more than a traditional ounce.  Reminds me of the nautical speed of “knots,” which are about 15% higher than miles per hour.

So, 40,000,000 troy ounces = 43,884,000 regular ounces = 2,742,750 pounds = 1,371 tons

Today, gold goes for about $1,200/oz.  Of course, this is way more than historical prices, but what the heck – at today’s prices, the value of the gold mined from the Homestake is $52,660,800,000.  That’s $52.66 billion.  Even at $400/oz (a more realistic inflation-adjusted long term average over the life of the mine), it’s still a lot of money.

I remember that back in 1974 (when I was there and the mine was still operating), Whitewood Creek (which flows by the mine through both Lead and Deadwood) ran a totally opaque, viscous chocolate brown.  Maybe that helped launch my environmental career.

Let me return to my local landing map:

landing-2

The town of Moskee is near my landing, although the name is partially hidden by the lat/long marker.

Speaking of its name, it has a unique origin story.  From WyomingPlaces.pbworks.com:

The name Moskee was long in coming. Originally called Golden Gate, the small settlement somehow became known as Lavier until the Post Office officials realized that there existed three Laviers in Wyoming; thus, severely complicating mail deliveries.

Herald Hass, the first postmaster of Lavier, decided a change in name was a necessity. He discussed the problem with Burt Putnam, a local cattle foreman. Putnam had spent time in Mongolia and came up with “Moskee,” translated from the Mongolian as “anything goes,” or “it doesn’t make much difference.”

Not until later was it discovered that the correct spelling was “Moche.” By this time, however, the name Moskee had been officially established as the new postal station.’

I spent an inordinate amount of time on the internet trying to find the word “moche” in Mongolian.  Although the Mongolian alphabet is fundamentally different from ours, I was able to find numerous words that appeared to be at least potentially related to “moche.”  But alas – no luck.  Maybe “moche” is idiomatic or slang in Mongolian.

In spite of my lack of independent verification, I totally accept the Wyoming Places name origin story.  I mean – really – how many towns are named from the Mongolian, especially meaning something as casual as “anything goes?”  I love it.

I’ll close with this lovely shot of Sand Creek, just south of Beulah, by Puddle Jumper:

pano-puddlejumper

That’ll do it . . .

KS

Greg

 

© 2017 A Landing A Day

 

 

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The Bitterroot Mountains, Idaho

Posted by graywacke on February 2, 2017

First timer?  In this formerly once-a-day blog (and now pretty much a once-every-four-or-five days blog), I use an app that provides a random latitude and longitude that puts me somewhere in the continental United States (the lower 48).  I call this “landing.”

I keep track of the watersheds I land in, as well as the town or towns I land near.  I do some internet research to hopefully find something of interest about my landing location. 

To find out more about A Landing A Day (like who “Dan” is) please see “About Landing” above.  To check out some recent changes in how I do things, check out “About Landing (Revisited).”

Landing number 2323; A Landing A Day blog post number 754.

boxDan:  Today’s lat/long (46o 59.713’N, 115o 5.323’W) puts me right on the ID/MT border, but evidently in ID based on the title of this post:

landing-1

My local landing confirms my Idaho landing, and also validates the fact that no towns made it this post’s title:

landing-2

See?  Huge (pronounced yuge) area – no towns! 

Here’s my local streams-only watershed map:

landing-3a

You can see that I landed in the watershed of Graves Creek, on to the North Fork of the Clearwater River (2nd hit).  Zooming quite a ways back:

landing-3b

The N Fk discharges (of course) to the plain ol’ Clearwater (7th hit), and on to the Snake (80th hit).  Not shown (but you can trust me on this), the Snake makes its way to the Columbia (166th hit).

It’s time to strap yourself in, and climb on board the Google Earth (GE) yellow push-pin spacecraft for a short (but scintillating) trip in to Idaho from the outer fringes of the atmosphere.  Click HERE to partake.

Here’s an oblique shot of my landing, looking up Graves Creek towards the summit of the Bitterroots:

ge1

Given the boonie-esque nature of this landing, you might expect that there’s no decent Street View coverage of my landing.  You’d be correct in that expectation.

You might also suspect that I have to go quite some distance to get a look at one of my watershed streams.  You’d be correct there, as well:

ge-sv-n-fk-clearwater-map

Although I have no bridge upon which to place the Orange Dude, he does get a good look at the North Fork of the Clearwater River from the adjacent roadway:

ge-sv-n-fk-clearwater

Since I landed in an area forsaken by civilization, I felt compelled to feature the landscape, not a town for this post (especially after looking at a number of small towns between 35 and 50 miles distant, all hookless).

So – I landed in the Bitterroot Mountains, generally defined as the range that marks the boundary between the Idaho Panhandle and Montana.  The ridge of the Bitterroots, while marking the state border, does not mark the Continental Divide; rather it’s the distinctly-less-glamourous watershed boundary between the Snake to the west and the Clark Fork to the east.  Both, by the way, end up in the Columbia.

While typing the word Bitterroot, I realized that if it weren’t for that pesky “e,” Bitterroot could join “bookkeeper” in that most unique of letter groupings – three double letters in a row in a single word.

Anyway, being a geologist, I thought I’d do a little Bitterroot geology.  I found a short and succinct geologic summary from Cliff’s blogspot blog, “Somewhere in the Middle of (Western) Montana.”  Here are some of his words (slightly edited by yours truly):

About 100 million years ago, the west coast of North America ran through western Idaho. The North American plate was moving west (as it still is today), colliding with the plate holding the floor of the Pacific Ocean (as it still is today).

This causes the heavier Pacific plate to sink under the North American plate, creating a subduction zone. The compression crinkled (not a geologic term) and thickened/elevated the western edge of the North American plate.  It also drove the oceanic plate down into the hot mantle, where the granite melted and created a large mass of magma.

The magma rose into the existing rock near the Earth’s surface and formed the Idaho batholith, a huge mass of granite that covers about 10,000 square miles in central Idaho and includes the southern half of the Bitterroot Mountains.

So here’s my take. The subduction going on off the west coast today creates hot magma that rises up, creating the volcanoes of the Sierra Nevada.  Back 100 million years ago, when the coast was about where western Idaho is today, the hot magma didn’t rise all the way to surface; instead, it created a huge subsurface magma pool that migrated upward, cooled very slowly and created the Idaho granite batholith. 

Here’s a cross section (from Idaho State University):

subduction

“Plutons” are simply huge blobs of magma (rather than a single mass).  The “Moho” is the Mohorovicic Discontinuity, otherwise known as the boundary between the solid crustal rocks and the more plastic rocks of the mantle.

And a more local cross section from Carnegie Melon University:

x-section-carnegie-museum

Back to Cliff:

With so many forces at work, the Earth’s surface is thought to have bulged and heaved, becoming higher in elevation (mountain building) but also unstable. In southwestern Montana, a large piece of the Idaho batholith broke off and moved east, forming the Sapphire Mountains. The gap created between the Idaho batholith (i.e., the Bitterroot Mountains) and the Sapphire Mountains is the Bitterroot Valley.

The Bitterroot River (3 hits!) flows northward in this valley and discharges to the Clark Fork.

And then, the most recent glacial epoch (which ended about 15,000 years ago), resulted in glacial sculpting of the landscape.  By perusing GE, I could see that the Bitterroots were obviously so sculpted (but then again, I am a geologist). 

Here’s what I would consider an obvious glacially-carved area (the Oregon Lakes, less than 4 miles to the northwest):

ge-oregon-lakes

Here’s an academic figure (from slideshare.net), showing mountain glacial features.

geo-1-glacial-environments-20-638

I’ll return to the Oregon Lakes, with many of those same features labeled:

ge-oregon-lakes-2

By the way:  “Pater noster lakes?”  Say what?  From Wiki:

A paternoster lake is one of a series of glacial lakes connected by a single stream. The name comes from the word Paternoster, another name for the Lord’s Prayer derived from the Latin words for the prayer’s opening words, “Our Father.”

Paternoster lakes are so called because of their resemblance to rosary beads, with prayer beads connected by a string or fine chain.

So the Bitterroots, eh?  From whence cometh the name?  From Wiki:

The Bitterroot Mountains are named after the bitterroot, a small white/pink flower that is the state flower of Montana.

Here are the white variety (from Wiki, by Walter Siegmund) and the pink variety (from AuntieDogmasGardenSpot):

lewisia_rediviva_lg1024px-lewisia_rediviva_9789

Back to Wiki:

The bitterroot (Lewisia rediviva) is a low-growing perennial plant with a fleshy taproot.  The flower stems are leafless, with a single flower on each stem.

French trappers knew the plant as racine amère (bitter root).  Native American names included spetlum or spetlem, meaning “bitter.”

The roots were consumed by tribes such as the Shoshone and the Flathead Indians as an infrequent delicacy. The Lemhi Shoshone believed the small red core found in the upper taproot had special powers, notably being able to stop a bear attack.

[I could see how it could happen that someone ate some bitterroot, and apparently miraculously was spared a bear attack.  But I have trouble imagining the special powers legend continuing any length of time.  But hey – what do I know?]

The bitterroot was selected as the Montana state flower on February 27, 1895.

Three major geographic features, the Bitterroot Mountains (running north-south and forming the divide between Idaho and Montana), the Bitterroot Valley, and the Bitterroot River (which flows south-north, terminating in the Clark Fork river in the city of Missoula), owe the origins of their names to this flower.

Here’s some more, from the St. Mary’s Mission & Museum:

Lewis and Clark are credited with the “discovery” of the bitterroot plant (Lewisia Rediviva) in the Montana valley which was eventually named after it. It was an important part of the Native American diet for unknown generations. Tribes’ spring migrations were timed to coincide with the blooming of the bitterroot flower and often scouts would be sent out to alert the tribe to the readiness of the plant for harvesting.

Indian women dug, cleaned and boiled the root of the plant and then mixed it with meat or berries. Hunting expeditions and war parties often carried patties made from a mixture of pulverized root, deer fat and moss. At trading centers a sackful of bitterroot commanded a high price and could often be traded for a horse.

The species name rediviva refers to the hardiness of the plant.  A bitterroot can live for over a year without water and is usually found growing in gravelly, dry soil.  It is low-growing perennial with a fleshy taproot and has a branched base. In May and June a single flower will appear on each stem ranging in color from white to a deep pink or rose.

I did a quick search to see if there are medicinal uses for bitterroot, and was not surprised to find the following (from NaturalMedicinalHerbs.net):

Medicinal use of Bitter-Root: The root is cardiac (promotes heart health) and galactogogue (promotes lactation). An infusion of the root has been used to increase the milk flow in nursing mothers, to relieve heart pain and the pain of pleurisy and also as a blood purifier. The root has been eaten raw to counteract the effects of poison ivy rash and as a treatment for diabetes. The pounded dry root has been chewed in the treatment of sore throats. A poultice of the raw roots has been applied to sores.

Likely, not all true; likely, not all false . . .

Time for some GE Pano shots, all within about 7 miles of my landing.  First this, of Upper Oregon Lake (a tarn), by Blackbear91:

pano-blackbear91

And this, by DHOlano:

pano-dholano

Also, by DHO:

pano-dholano2

A lovely meadow by Glacierman:

pano-glacierman

And mountain goats by Raymond Gardner:

pano-raymond-gardner

And I’ll close with this award-winner, also by Mr. Gardner:

pano-raymond-gardner2

 That’ll do it . . .

KS

Greg

 

© 2017 A Landing A Day

 

 

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Couderay and Radisson, Wisconsin

Posted by graywacke on January 28, 2017

First timer?  In this formerly once-a-day blog (and now pretty much a once-every-four-or-five days blog), I use an app that provides a random latitude and longitude that puts me somewhere in the continental United States (the lower 48).  I call this “landing.”

I keep track of the watersheds I land in, as well as the town or towns I land near.  I do some internet research to hopefully find something of interest about my landing location. 

To find out more about A Landing A Day (like who “Dan” is) please see “About Landing” above.  To check out some recent changes in how I do things, check out “About Landing (Revisited).”

Landing number 2322; A Landing A Day blog post number 753.

boxDan:  Today’s lat/long (45o 45.318’N, 91o 16.145’W) puts me in the northwest Wisconsin boonies:

landing-1

My local landing map shows that I landed quite close to my two titular towns:

landing-2

My streams-only map shows that I landed in the watershed of Section 20 Creek, which flows to Section 19 Creek (just kidding!); which flows to the Couderay River (1st hit ever!); and on to the Chippewa (10th hit).

landing-3a

Zooming back, you can see that the Chippewa flows southwest before discharging into the MM:

landing-3b

I threw in the St. Croix, just so you’d realize that it shares border-definition duties with the Mississippi.

It’s time for my newly-shortened Google Earth (GE) spaceflight. Click HERE.

Street View is lousy (over a mile away from a tree-lined road), so I won’t bother.  I do have a decent view of the Couderay River (be sure not to pronounce Couderay “corduroy”):

 ge-sv-couderay-map

And here’s what the Orange Dude sees:

 ge-sv-couderay2

True confessions:  I did a little photo editing of the above shot.  Here’s the original:

 ge-sv-couderay

I bet the GoogleCamMobile driver pushed the envelope of available light for shooting!

Anyway, moving right along to Couderay.  From Wiki:

Couderay is home to Al Capone’s northwoods hideaway, a tourist site called “The Hideout.”

It required a fair amount of research, but I figured out that it is on Pike Lake, north of Couderay:

 ge-capone1

Note “New Post.”  A little more about that later.  Anyway, zooming in:

 ge-capone2

And in even further, for a close-up of Al’s house:

 ge-capone3

Here’s a picture of the house:

 11279282_bg1

From a 2009 AP story:

Chicago mobster Al Capone’s former hideout in northern Wisconsin, complete with guard towers and a stone house with 18-inch-thick walls, was sold for $2.6 million Thursday to the bank that foreclosed on it.

Capone owned the 407-acre property in the late 1920s and early 1930s during Prohibition, the bank said. Local legend claims that shipments of bootleg alcohol were flown in on planes that landed on the property’s 37-acre lake, and were then loaded onto trucks bound for Chicago.

The two guard towers on the property reportedly were manned with machine guns whenever Capone visited.

The Chippewa Bank acquired the property after foreclosing on owner Guy Houston and his company The Hideout Inc., according to court records.

The Houston family bought the property in the 1950s from Capone’s estate and had operated it as a seasonal bar and restaurant, known for its prime rib, and offered guided tours focusing on the Capone lore.

caponeCapone – nicknamed “Scarface” – headed a massive bootlegging, gambling and prostitution operation during Prohibition and raked in tens of millions of dollars. He was widely suspected in several murders but never charged.

He was considered the mastermind of the gangland killing on Chicago’s North Side in 1929, known as the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre. Seven rivals of Capone’s gang were gunned down in a garage, but investigators never could collect enough evidence to put anyone on trial for the deaths.

Capone was eventually convicted of income tax evasion and spent part of an 11-year sentence at the infamous Alcatraz prison. He died in 1947.

The property’s current status is not clear, but it’s not open to the public and is unoccupied (based on internet postings of snoopy people).

So, what about New Post?  Well, since you’re currently reading a new post, I figured I had to at least give New Post passing mention.  I could find absolutely nothing on the internet about the town (at least initially), even though it has some substance:

 oiu

And here’s what the OD sees (looking east):

 ge-sv-new-post

After digging deeper into the internet, I found this about the town’s name (gleaned from the Chippewa Flowage Lake Association website).  Evidently, an old trading post was located nearby, around which a small town built up.  The town became known as simply “Post.”  Post was substantial enough to have its own baseball team in 1913:

 postindians

Ten guys, eh?  I guess they probably had two pitchers . . .

The “Chippewa Flowage” is a single large lake created by damming up the East & West Forks of the Chippewa River:

 flowage

The dam (built in 1924) created numerous embayments, called lakes (like Pokegama Lake) which are all part of the “Flowage.”

Anyway, the town of Post was flooded by the flowage, and New Post was built to replace it.  I really doubt New Post has a baseball team . . .

Time to move on to Radisson – spelled just like the hotels. And guess what?  That’s not a coincidence!  Here’s the story.

From Wiki:

The Village of Radisson (pop 241) was named in honor of the early French explorer, Pierre-Esprit Radisson (c.1636–1710).

Pierre was born in France, but traveled to New France (Quebec) in 1651, residing in Trois-Rivières.

From Wiki:

pierre_esprit_radissonAccording to Radisson’s account, in 1652 he had been hunting with several other men near his home in Trois-Rivières when he was captured by the Iroquois.  Only Radisson was spared.  Citing his youth as the reason he was left alive, Radisson states that the Iroquois treated him relatively kindly and that he, partially by showing an interest in Mohawk/Iroquois language and culture, was assimilated into a local Mohawk family who then supposedly settled near modern day Schenectady, N.Y.

After six weeks, Radisson’s assimilation was completed.  However, shortly thereafter, while out hunting with three Iroquois, Radisson reluctantly agreed to attempt escape after meeting an Algonquin man who offered to help him return to Trois-Rivières.  Raddison and the Algonquin killed the three Iroquois.

[Now wait a second!  He was assimilated by the Iroquois/Mohawks, but then killed three of them to escape?]

Radisson and the Algonquin man traveled for 14 days until they were within sight of Trois-Rivières, but were recaptured by patrolling Iroquois shortly before reaching the town.

The Mohawk killed the Algonquin and subjected Radisson, along with approximately 20 other prisoners, to ritual torture.

[That’s what he gets for murder!]

However, much of his punishment was lessened as a result of the advocacy of his adopted Native family. Eventually he was released, and, overwhelmed with relief, described the experience as a moment in which “all my paines and griefs ceased; and, not feeling the least paine, my father bids me be merry, makes me sing, to which I consented with all my heart.”

With the Mohawks, he traveled to Fort Orange (Albany) on a trading mission, and was recognized by the Dutch there as a Frenchman.  They obtained his freedom from the Mohawks; in return, they required three years of missionary work.  He traveled to Holland, and then did Jesuit missionary work among the Indians.

Moving on to Encyclopedia Britannica:                 

With his brother-in-law, Médard Chouart des Groseilliers, he spent the next few years on trading expeditions to the West. In 1658 they explored the Great Lakes region, crossing what is now Wisconsin and the upper Mississippi River valley, and then circling east through what is now Canada.

[Maybe traveling through Radisson!]

Because they had failed to secure a government license, the French authorities in 1663 confiscated their furs and fined them. As a result Radisson and Groseilliers offered their services to the English in what is now Nova Scotia.

They then sailed through Hudson Strait [the entrance to Hudson Bay way up north near Baffin Island] and into Hudson Bay. Their report on the wealth in furs led to the formation of the Hudson’s Bay Company [chartered as a British company] in 1670.

In 1671 he founded Moose Factory, a company trading post a few miles south of James Bay [a southern extension of Hudson Bay].

Three years later, Radisson and Groseilliers made their peace with France and served in the French fleet in French Guinea and Tobago.

[Guinea’s in Africa and Tobago’s in the Caribbean.  Man, this guy gets around!]

Radisson became a resident of Quebec in 1681, and the following year he led an expedition against the English on Hudson Bay.

[OK to be French, but fight the Brits on Hudson Bay?  After all, he founded the British Hudson’s Bay Company!]

After revisiting both France and England, he was again employed by the Hudson’s Bay Company and was eventually pensioned by the company.

I can’t believe he got away with all of the s%#& he got away with . . .

Oh yea.  What about the Radisson Hotels?  From Wiki:

The towns Radisson, Quebec; Radisson, Saskatchewan and Radisson, Wisconsin [yea!], as well as a street and Metro station in Montreal, are named after him.

The first Radisson Hotel, built in 1909 in Minneapolis was also named after him.  The modern Radisson Hotel chain grew from this Minneapolis Radisson.

Here’s a GE Street View of the original (but obviously renovated) Radisson in Minneapolis:

radisson

It’s time for a couple of GE Panoramio shots from the general vicinity of my landing.  First this, of the Couderay River by BTJ98836:

pano-btj98836

And this of the Chippewa, by Schwist:

pano-schwist

I’ll close with this, by Prntdckt:

pano-prntdckt

That’ll do it . . .

KS

Greg

 

© 2017 A Landing A Day

 

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Detroit Lakes and Rochert, Minnesota (and Rocherath, Belgium)

Posted by graywacke on January 23, 2017

First timer?  In this formerly once-a-day blog (and now pretty much a once-every-four-or-five days blog), I use an app that provides a random latitude and longitude that puts me somewhere in the continental United States (the lower 48).  I call this “landing.”

I keep track of the watersheds I land in, as well as the town or towns I land near.  I do some internet research to hopefully find something of interest about my landing location. 

To find out more about A Landing A Day (like who “Dan” is) please see “About Landing” above.  To check out some recent changes in how I do things, check out “About Landing (Revisited).”

Landing number 2321; A Landing A Day blog post number 752.

text-boxDan:  Today’s lat/long (47o 0.464’N, 95o 31.618’W), while not as far north as my last Washington Canadian Border landing, is still pretty far up there in Minnesota:

landing1

Here’s my local landing map:

landing-2

You can see one of my titular towns (Detroit Lakes) and a whole passel of non-titular towns (and Rochert is nowhere to be found).  And maybe, just maybe, I’ll have very close-in Street View coverage of my landing (since it looks like I landed right on a road).  Stay tuned!

Here’s my local streams-only map:

landing-3a

You can see that I landed within shouting distance of Ice Cracking Lake, so a drop of water that falls on my landing can quickly take a swim in the lake.  The lake is drained by an unnamed stream (at least to me, if not the locals) which flows into and then out of Ice Cracking Lake, then on to the Otter Tail River (3rd hit).

While Otter Tail sounds like a quaint little name for a quaint little stream, it’s actually a fair-sized river with a fair sized watershed.  Zooming back a little:

landing-3b

You can see that the Otter Tail wends its way through Chippewa Lake and Height of Land Lake.  Height of Land!  What an awesome name!  Very much reminds of its sister lake, Sleight of Hand Lake.

As I typed Sleight of Hand, I was suddenly unsure of the word “sleight.”  Here’s the definition:

The use of dexterity or cunning, especially so as to deceive.  “except by sleight of logic, the two positions cannot be harmonized.”

Continuing my streams-only zoom-out:

landing-3c

You can see that the Otter Tail makes its way through numerous lakes (including the Mother Ship, Otter Tail Lake) before discharging into the Red River of the North (48th hit).

You’ll have to take my word on the following:  The Red River of the North heads into Canada where it discharges into the huge Lake Winnipeg (9,500 square miles!).  The Nelson River (66th hit) flows out of the lake, making its way northeast before discharging (with polar bears watching) into Hudson Bay.

It’s time for my Google Earth (GE) spaceflight into Cen-NW Minnesota, but this time with a difference.  I was speaking with my son Jordan, and he said he doesn’t bother watching my GE spaceflight videos, because they take too much time! 

Well, ex-cuuuuuse me!  But ever the sensitive father (and sensitive blogger), recognizing that because it is likely that others feel the same, I have simplified/shortened my spaceflight.  Click HERE to check it out, and then hit your back button.

So what about Street View coverage?  Well, this says it all:

 ge-sv-landing-map1

Yes, the Orange Dude is virtually face-to-face (or I should say face-to-pushpin) with my landing!  And here’s what he sees:

 ge-sv-landing1

I moved him a little further south, and had him look up the road:

ge-sv-landing2

I hope the Orange Dude waved hello to the kids in the bus.

As mentioned earlier, I landed adjacent to Ice Cracking Lake.  It turns out that I also landed adjacent to the Ice Cracking Resort.  Here ’tis:

ge-whatever

And a screen shot of the resort’s home page:

ice-cracking

 We have a nearby Street View look at the Otter Tail River:

 ge-sv-otter-tail-map

And here’s what the OD sees (looking downstream):

 ge-sv-otter-tail-down

And here’s the “upstream” version, which is actually Round Lake:

 ge-sv-otter-tail-up-round-lake

It’s time to move along to all things titular.

Even though Detroit Lakes is a pretty big town (pop 8,600 which expands to 13,000 during the summer tourist season), it is very much:

aa-hookless

OK, so Wiki says that Detroit Lakes was mentioned in John Steinbeck’s Travels With Charley, which caught my attention only because I featured this very book when discussing Alice ND in a March 2016 post.  Alice is featured by Steinbeck while recounting a night spent camping nearby and hobnobbing with an itinerant actor.  It turns out that the entire Alice episode in the book was likely fiction. 

No such intrigue for Detroit Lakes (which happened just a day before Alice).

And then, Wiki says this:

A postcard depicting the Fairyland Cottages in Detroit Lakes appear in the opening credits of the 1983 movie National Lampoon’s Vacation.

Here’s a clip of the opening credits.  Look for some white cottages with red trim, and yes, those are the Fairyland Cottages in Detroit Lakes!

 

Just in case you missed it (or didn’t bother with the clip), here’s a screen shot:

 fairyland

The resort went of business, and it was purposely burned down as part of a Detroit Lakes Fire Department training exercise . . .

I told you Detroit Lakes was hookless!

Time to move on to Rochert.  That’s the titular town not on my local landing map.  Fortunately for me, GE often shows smaller towns than Street Atlas.  Here ‘tis (about 12 miles from my landing):

 ge2

And I can’t really blame Street Atlas for not bothering:

 ge-3

In spite of its practically nonexistent status, Wiki has this to say:

The settlement was founded by Palm Peter and by Heuters Nikolaus from Rocherath, Belgium.

Given the similarity between Rochert and Rocherath, I can only presume that the MN version was named after the Belgian version.

Quickly realizing I would find nothing to say about Rochert MN, I thought I’d check out Rocherath, Belgium.  Rocherath is a teeny teeny town in the far east, right near the German border.  Here’s a GE shot:

 ge4

Zooming closer in, you can see that there’s a twin village, Krinkelt:

 ge5

So, when one Googles Rocherath, there are many entries about World War II, more specifically the Battle of the Bulge, and more specifically, the Battle of Elsenborn Ridge.

From History.com (about the Battle of the Bulge):

In December 1944, Adolph Hitler attempted to split the Allied armies in northwest Europe by means of a surprise blitzkrieg thrust through the Ardennes (a forest region on the border between Germany and Belgium), and on to Antwerp.

The Allies had been on the march since the Normandy Invasion (June 6, 1944), and the Nazi December offensive was a last-ditch effort to turn the tide of the ward.

Here’s a map:

belgiummapwithcities

Caught off-guard, American units fought desperate battles to stem the German advance.  However, advance they did, and the Allied line took on the appearance of a large bulge, giving rise to the battle’s name.

Here’s a Wiki map:

 bulge-map

The solid purple line (which roughly corresponds to the German border) was the front line on the 16th of December.  The dashed line is the front as of the 20th of December and the dotted line is the line as of Christmas day.  The Germans would get no further.

 Compare the battle map with the planned invasion map.  Notice how there was no advance to the northwest in the vicinity of Rocherath?  More about that in a minute.

From Wiki (the Battle of Elsenborn Ridge):

Monschau [see map above] lay on the very northernmost sector of the German offensive. Capturing it and the twin villages of Krinkelt-Rocherath were critical to the success of the German offensive because of the road network that lay to their west. The Germans had planned a seven-day campaign to seize Antwerp, and they were counting on the good quality road system to the west of Monschau and Elsenborn Ridge [located about 4 miles northwest of Rocherath] to help them achieve that objective.

So, I spent a fair amount of time perusing the internet, learning about the Battle of Elsenborn Ridge.  It’s very intense reading, and there are copious entries providing much detail about troop movements, practically hour-by-hour.  I’ll start with this GE shot showing the village of Elsenborn (where the north-south trending ridge is located):

ge6

Here’s the ALAD synopsis:

The Germans expected to take Rocherath/Krinkelt rapidly, knowing that an untested rookie unit (the 99th Infantry Division, none of whom had yet fired their weapons at the enemy) was thinly defending the front line, and that the German attack would be unexpected.  But the Americans (soon aided by the 2nd Infantry Division), put up magnificent resistance, with intense house-to-house combat.  For three days, the Americans kept the Germans from advancing.

These three days were absolutely critical, as they allowed the Americans to bring in reinforcements to defend the strategically-crucial Elsenborn Ridge, about 4 miles NW of Rocherath.

Look back up at the battle map.  See the north-south portion of the dashed purple line west of Rocherath?  That’s Elsenborn Ridge, where the Germans were stopped.  Remember that the German’s original objective was to go past Elsenborn and keep going northwest all the way to Antwerp. 

Even though the Germans broke through further south (and headed due west, not northwest), their entire offensive was essentially doomed by Elsenborn; and Elsenborn was successful only because of the three days in Rocherath/Krinkelt.

It’s incredibly moving to peruse the internet.  Photographs of war scenes (with many dead soldiers); articles about the Malmedy massacre (where the Germans executed 84 American prisoners of war, 15 miles WSW of Rocherath); and stories of individual heroism, abound.

Here’s a Wiki photo (by Wikoli) of plaques on the twin-village square, right on the border between Roherath & Kinkelt:

 800px-1031321-22_rocherath-krinkelt_mahnmale

I took the Orange Dude into downtown Rocherath/Krinkelt.  Here are three shots from the same location, right on the boundary between Rocherath & Krinkelt.  The first one is looking northwest:

 ge-sv-stella

And yes, Stella Artois is a Belgian beer.

I then had the OD look a bit to his right:

 ge-sv-stella2

And then, further to the right:

ge-sv-stella3

It’s time for some Pano shots (all within 7 or 8 miles from my landing). I’ll start with this, by Lynn Hendricks, of the Otter Tail River in Rochert:

 pano-lynn-hendricks2

And here’s a lovely shot by Wayne Rasmussen:

 pano-wayne-rasmussen

I’ll close with another by Ms. Hendricks:

 pano-lynn-hendricks

That’ll do it . . .

KS

Greg

 

© 2016 A Landing A Day

 

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Ohio City and Pitkin, Colorado

Posted by graywacke on January 12, 2017

First timer?  In this formerly once-a-day blog (and now pretty much a once-every-four-or-five days blog), I have my computer select a random latitude and longitude that puts me somewhere in the continental United States (the lower 48).  I call this “landing.”  I keep track of the watersheds I land in, as well as the town I land near.  I do some internet research to hopefully find something of interest about my landing location.  To find out more about A Landing A Day (like who “Dan” is) please see “About Landing” above.  To check out some recent changes in how I do things, check out “About Landing (Revisited).”

Landing number 2319; A Landing A Day blog post number 750.

the-boxDan:  As opposed to my last two borderline landings, today’s lat/long (38o 37.319’N, 106o 37.438’W) puts me squarely in Colorado:

landing-1

My local landing map shows that I landed close to two teeny towns (for reference, Ohio and Pitkin are only about 6 miles apart):

landing-2

My streams-only map shows that I landed in the watershed of an unnamed stream, on to Gold Creek, on to Quartz Creek, on to Tomichi Creek:

landing-3a

Zooming back, you can see that the Tomichi flows to the Gunnison River (6th hit); on to the Colorado (177th hit):

landing-3b

Here are a couple of shots of Tomichi Creek, from a real estate website (MirRanchGroup.com):

tomichi-creek-ranch-2014-2-1024x512

tomichi-creek-ranch-colorado-ranches-for-sale-main-1024x512

It’s time for my Google Earth (GE) spaceflight in to Central Colorado.  Click HERE, enjoy the flight, and hit your back button.

Here’s an oblique GE view looking north past my landing up the valley of the unnamed stream towards the Sawatch Range:

ge1

I don’t have any kind of GE Street View coverage of my landing, but I can get a view of Quartz Creek (notice the GE SV Cam didn’t make it to Ohio City, let along Pitkin):

ge-sv-quartz-map

And here’s what the Orange Dude sees:

ge-sv-quartz

You might have noticed that my local landing map says “Ohio,” but GE says “Ohio City.”   A quick perusal of the internet confirms “Ohio City.”

From Wiki:

In 1879, a prospector, miner, and assayer named Jacob Hess discovered silver in Ohio Creek, now known as Gold Creek.  He moved his camp to Ohio Creek and named his settlement Eagle City.

So, Gold Creek used to be Ohio Creek, and Ohio City used to be Eagle City.  But why, if Jacob Hess discovered silver, was Ohio Creek renamed Gold Creek? 

Mystery solved.  From UncoverColorado.com/ghost-towns:

Ohio City was founded in the early 1860’s as a gold mining town.

[So now, the name “Gold Creek” makes sense!  Before it was a silver mining town, it was a gold mining town!]

After gold ran out, people left. The Colorado Silver Boom of 1879 brought miners back into the area. A large vein was found and Ohio City was reborn.

[They could’ve renamed Gold Creek to Silver Creek . . .]

After the Silver Boom collapse in 1893, folks left town once again.

[But guess what?]

Prospectors came back in 1896 and found the lode that was the source for the gold found in the ’60s. Mining continued until around 1916 when profits dried up.

Here are some Ohio City pics from the UncoverColorado website:

2012-10-08-ohio-city04

2012-10-08-ohio-city15

And then this shot, just coming into town:

2012-10-08-ohio-city13

Moving on to Pitkin.  There’s even less here than in Ohio City, although it’s a much bigger town, pop 66.  (OK, so I don’t know how many people live in Ohio City, but trust me, it’s way less than 66.)

From Wiki:

Pitkin was founded in 1879, and is said to be Colorado’s first mining camp west of the Continental Divide

[It must have beat Ohio City by a couple of weeks.]

Originally named Quartzville, it was renamed to honor Governor Frederick W. Pitkin.

So, Ohio City was on Ohio Creek (renamed Gold Creek), and Quartzville was on Quartz Creek (which remains Quartz Creek). 

I’m a geologist, and I’m generally aware that gold is often found associated with quartz.  I’d say by the names of the two creeks that meet at Ohio City, the old time miners were very aware of this connection. 

Before digging a little deeper (like the miners) into the quartz/gold connection, here are some Pitkin photos from UncoverColorado, starting with this “Welcome to Pitkin” shot, coming into town on a dirt road with a 15 mph speed limit:

2012-10-08-pitkin06

2012-10-08-pitkin18

2012-10-08-pitkin24

(I think the architect of the above was also responsible for the town hall in Ohio City.)

So, it’s time for a little geology as to the quartz/gold connection. First, here’s a picture of gold in quartz from SpecimenGold.com:

dscn0789

And another, from GoldRushNuggets.com:

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

So why are the two minerals found together?  Well, I happened upon TreasureNet.com, which has a question and answer forum.  Cappy Z. had a question (here are some excerpts):

It is no secret that veins of white quartz have gold seams.  Since gold in quartz is so prevalent does the quartz have some ability to attract gold when molten?  Kind of like a magic wand attracting the iron filings in that kids game?

So, 3XFlyFisher had an answer (somewhat edited by yours truly):

The deposition of gold and gold bearing minerals are hydrothermal in nature. This means that the gold is carried in a molton solution associated with volcanic activity. As the solution and the surrounding host rock begin to cool the gold precipitates in the host rock.

There are temperature-pressure relationships that have been developed that show quartz and gold are deposited/precipitated at nearly the same temperatures and pressures.  Thus, as the solution cools, both quartz and gold come out of solution together.  Therefore, quartz does not “attract” gold, but generally this is how gold is deposited with quartz in volcanic host rocks.

What the heck – I’ll finish up this segment with a picture of a cool piece of natural quartz/gold jewelry (from AlaskaJewelry.com):

rm773qw

It’s time for some GE Pano shots (all within 5 miles of my landing). Here’s one by TexasFlyFisher, overlooking Quartz Creek:

pano-texasflyfisher

And this, of a funky old miner’s shack door, by Tyson Woodul:

pano-tyson-woodul

And this, by GregArizona of Fossil Ridge, just west of my landing:

pano-gregarizona

I’ll close with another shot of the ridge, by Josh Laubhan:

pano-josh-laubhan

That’ll do it . . .

KS

Greg

 

© 2016 A Landing A Day

 

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Levelland and Needmore, Texas

Posted by graywacke on January 6, 2017

First timer?  In this formerly once-a-day blog (and now pretty much a once-every-four-or-five days blog), I have my computer select a random latitude and longitude that puts me somewhere in the continental United States (the lower 48).  I call this “landing.”  I keep track of the watersheds I land in, as well as the town I land near.  I do some internet research to hopefully find something of interest about my landing location.  To find out more about A Landing A Day (like who “Dan” is) please see “About Landing” above.  To check out some recent changes in how I do things, check out “About Landing (Revisited).”

Landing number 2318; A Landing A Day blog post number 749.

untitledDan:  Today’s lat/long (33o 28.047’N, 103o 1.395’W) puts me right on the border between New Mexico & Texas, but evidently in Texas based on the title of this post:

landing-1a

Note:  In the post before this one, I used the same terminology in the first paragraph as follows: “ . . . puts me right on the border between Florida & Georgia, but evidently in Georgia based on the title of this post.”

A closer look confirms my Texas landing:

landing-1b

And here’s my local landing map:

landing-2

You can see a VP* of small towns; my reasons for selecting Levelland and Needmore as titular will become apparent shortly.

*veritable plethora

But first, it’s time for my Google Earth (GE) spaceflight in to West Texas.  Click HERE, enjoy the trip, and hit your back button.

Street View coverage is a couple of miles away, but I’ll take it:

ge-sv-landing-map

And here’s what the Orange Dude sees:

ge-sv-landing

My streams-only StreetAtlas map was worthless, so I had to go to GE to track downhill topography, and therefore the flowpath for water. 

I found it went generally southeast, but I had to go an incredible distance to find a well defined channel, and even further to find my first bridge with Street View Coverage:

ge-sv-colorado-map

The 167.66 miles is the length of the yellow line to the yellow pin which is where I put the Orange Dude.  I’m sure that this is the longest I’ve had the Orange Dude travel to get a first look at one of my watershed streams!  And here’s what he sees:

ge-sv-colorado

Being in Texas, I was confident that there would be an informational sign at the end of the bridge.  And there was (at one end only, but I’ll take it):

ge-sv-colorado-2

OK, so I landed in the watershed of the Colorado River (29th hit).  And just to confirm that the Colorado Watershed extends into New Mexico, here’s a watershed map from Wiki:

800px-coloradotexas_watershed

Obviously, I spent some time checking out each and every little town out here in West Texas.  But at the end of the day, the two towns with the most interesting names caught my attention:  Levelland (of course, pronounced “level land”) and Needmore (of course, pronounced “need more.”)

Wiki tells us this about Levelland:

Levelland is famous as the site of a well-publicized series of UFO sightings in November 1957.

Several motorists driving on various highways around Levelland claimed to see a large, egg-shaped object which emitted a blue glow and caused their automobiles to shut off.

In most cases, the object was sitting either on the highway or close to it. When the object took off, witnesses claimed their vehicles would restart and work normally.

Among witnesses were Weir Clem, Levelland’s sheriff, and Ray Jones, the town’s fire chief.

The United States Air Force concluded a severe electrical storm (most probably ball lightning), was the major cause for the sightings and reported auto failures.

However, several prominent UFO researchers, among them Dr. James E. McDonald, a physicist at the University of Arizona, and Dr. J. Allen Hynek, an astronomer at Northwestern University, disputed this explanation. Both men argued that no electrical storm was in the area when the sightings occurred.

Wow.  There’s a Wiki article on the UFO sightings, and it’s pretty amazing stuff.  It’s a little too long, and highlights don’t do it justice.  I highly recommend that you read it by clicking HERE.

Alternately, simply Google “Levelland UFO” and you can peruse quite a few articles at your leisure. Really interesting reading.

Moving right along.  The Levelland TX Wiki article also mentioned that a singer named James McMurtry recorded a song about the town, appropriately entitled “Levelland.”  For the record, James McMurtry is the son of famous Texas novelist Larry McMurtry, author of the well known novel Lonesome Dove, which spawned a TV mini-series of the same name.

Well, here we go.  ALAD Nation!  I love this song!  If you like good ol’ straight ahead story-telling back beat country rock ‘n roll (which is my sweet spot), this song is for you.  I highly recommend that you listen to it twice.  Once, following the words, and then, enjoying the video. 

And if you’re like me, you’ll be listening again and again.  In fact, I just bought tickets to see James McMurtry in concert in Alexandria VA . . .

Flatter than a tabletop
Makes you wonder why they stopped here
Wagon must have lost a wheel or they lacked ambition one
In the great migration west
Separated from the rest
Though they might have tried their best
They never caught the sun
So they sunk some roots down in this dirt
To keep from blowin’ off the earth
Built a town around here
And when the dust had all but cleared
They called it Levelland, the pride of man
In Levelland.
Granddad grew the dryland wheat
Stood on his own two feet
His mind got incomplete and they put in the home
Daddy’s cotton grows so high
Sucks the water table dry
As rolling sprinklers circle by
Bleedin’ it to the bone
And I won’t be here when it comes a day
It all dries up and blows away
I’d hang around just to see
But they never had much use for me in Levelland, Levelland
They don’t understand me out in Levelland, Levelland
And I watch those jet trails carving up that big blue sky
Coast to coasters – watch ’em go
And I never would blame ’em one damn bit
If they never looked down on this
Not much down here they’d wanna know
Just Levelland
Far as you can point your hand
Nothin’ but Levelland
Mama used to roll her hair
Back before the central air
We’d sit outside and watch the stars at night
She’d tell me to make a wish
I’d wish we both could fly
Don’t think she’s seen the sky
Since we got the satellite dish and
I can hear the marching band
Doin’ the best they can
They’re playing “Smoke on the Water”, “Joy to the World”
I’ve paid off all my debts
Got some change left over yet and I’m
Gettin’ on a whisper jet
I’m gonna fly as far as I can get from
Levelland, doin’ the best I can
Out in Levelland

Time to move on to Needmore.  Let me start with the fact that besides the fact that we’re in Texas oil country, we’re also in Texas cotton country (as sung about by James McMurtry).

The modern cotton industry started with Eli Whitney’s cotton gin.  What’s a cotton gin?  Very briefly, from Wiki:

A cotton gin is a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds, allowing for much greater productivity than manual cotton separation.

Prior to the introduction of the mechanical cotton gin, cotton had required considerable labor to clean and separate the fibers from the seeds.  With Eli Whitney’s introduction of “teeth” in his cotton gin to comb out the cotton and separate the seeds, cotton became a tremendously profitable business, creating many fortunes in the Antebellum South.

The invention of the cotton gin caused massive growth in the production of cotton in the southern United States. Cotton production expanded from 750,000 bales in 1830 to 2.85 million bales in 1850. As a result, the region became even more dependent on plantations and slavery.

While it took a single slave about ten hours to separate a single pound of fiber from the seeds, a team of two or three slaves using a cotton gin could produce around fifty pounds of cotton in just one day.

The number of slaves rose in concert with the increase in cotton production, increasing from around 700,000 in 1790 to around 3.2 million in 1850.  By 1860, black slave labor from the American South was providing two-thirds of the world’s supply of cotton.

The cotton gin thus “transformed cotton as a crop and the American South into the globe’s first agricultural powerhouse, and – according to many historians – was the start of the Industrial Revolution.

According to the Eli Whitney Museum website:

Whitney (who died in 1825) could not have foreseen the ways in which his invention would change society for the worse. The most significant of these was the growth of slavery. While it was true that the cotton gin reduced the labor of removing seeds, it did not reduce the need for slaves to grow and pick the cotton.

In fact, the opposite occurred. Cotton growing became so profitable for the planters that it greatly increased their demand for both land and slave labor. In 1790 there were six slave states; in 1860 there were 15.

From 1790 until Congress banned the importation of slaves from Africa in 1808, Southerners imported 80,000 Africans. By 1860 approximately one in three Southerners was a slave.

Because of its inadvertent effect on American slavery, and on its ensuring that the South’s economy developed in the direction of plantation-based agriculture (while encouraging the growth of the textile industry elsewhere, such as in the North), the invention of the cotton gin is frequently cited as one of the indirect causes of the American Civil War.

I learned something here.  You?  And I didn’t realize that the import of slaves was banned in 1808, but it’s absolutely true. 

Anyway, so, why am I going on and on about cotton gins?  Well, I really enjoy a good gin & tonic.  So, I’ll close with this GE StreetView shot of downtown Needmore:

ge-sv-needmore-gin

That’ll do it . . .

KS

Greg

 

© 2016 A Landing A Day

 

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged: , , , , , | 3 Comments »

Moniac and Saint George, Georgia

Posted by graywacke on January 1, 2017

First timer?  In this formerly once-a-day blog (and now pretty much a once-every-four-or-five days blog), I have my computer select a random latitude and longitude that puts me somewhere in the continental United States (the lower 48).  I call this “landing.”  I keep track of the watersheds I land in, as well as the town I land near.  I do some internet research to hopefully find something of interest about my landing location.  To find out more about A Landing A Day (like who “Dan” is) please see “About Landing” above.  To check out some recent changes in how I do things, check out “About Landing (Revisited).”

Landing number 2317; A Landing A Day blog post number 748.

text-boxDan:  Today’s lat/long (43o 26.229’N, 96o 34.897’W) puts me right on the border between Florida & Georgia, but evidently in Georgia based on the title of this post:

landing-1a

A closer look confirms my Georgia landing, right in that peculiar southern bulge in the southeastern corner of Georgia:

landing-1b

Here’s my local landing map:

landing-2

I’ll back out a little for another look, showing I’m not far from Jacksonville:

landing-2b

My watershed analysis is straightforward.  I landed right next to the St. Mary’s River, which discharges to the Atlantic Ocean:

landing-3

Because I’ll be discussing the Okefenokee Swamp in a little bit, I added the Suwanee River, which drains most of the swamp.  St. Mary’s drains just a little.

It’s time for my Google Earth (GE) spaceflight into the “Georgia Bend,” as the southern bulge is known.  Click HERE, enjoy the trip, and hit your back button.

I have pretty good Street View coverage of my landing:

ge-sv-landing-map

And here’s what the Orange Dude sees:

ge-sv-landing

I don’t have to go far to get a look at the St. Mary’s River:

ge-sv-st-marys-map

And here ‘tis:

ge-sv-st-marys

So of course I went to Wiki to check out the towns of Moniac and Saint George.  I’ll start with teeny Moniac. 

Moniac is an unincorporated community along the St. Marys River, part of the “Georgia Bend” (the “tail” of Georgia that sticks further south than the rest of the state).  The area was an early trading post in the 1820s; the settlement’s name comes from an Indian chief whose entrance trail to the Okefenokee Swamp passed near by.

The population in 1904 was estimated to be 400.  According to the 1910 census, the population was 184.

Pretty funny.  Wiki says nothing about the population after 1910.  If I were to draw a graph of population vs. time and extend the line, the population went to zero a long, long time ago.

Here’s a GE shot of today’s downtown Moniac:

ge-moniac

I’d say that zero population estimate looks about right . . .

One other thing.  I found an article by Lois Barefoot Mays in CharltonCountyArchives.org that disputes Wiki on how the town got its name:

Charlton County’s 1972 history book states that the town of Moniac got its name from a prominent Indian chief whose trail of entrance to the Swamp passed that way. Since then, printed documents have been found that show that Moniac was in fact named for a man who probably never came near this territory.  He was David Moniac, a Creek Indian.

Moniac was a West Point graduate from southern Alabama who fought with the U.S. Infantry in the Indian War (aka the Florida War or the Seminole War) of 1836.

David Moniac was the first Indian to be admitted to the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. He received the appointment to West Point in 1817 (at age 15).  He graduated as a 2nd Lt. In July 1822.

He was killed in Florida, after achieving the rank of Major.  He was leading a regiment of Creek Indians against the Seminoles (the enemy tribe in the Florida War).

Way to go, Ms. L. Barefoot Mays, for correcting the record.  Could you please dive into Wiki and make appropriate changes?  I’m totally with you.

One more thing about Moniac.  Here’s a historical marker:

6898886173_354b56aafa_z

So a surveyor (Andrew Ellicott) built a mound marking the east end of the straight-line border between the US and Spanish Florida.  According to a treaty between the US & Spain, the line was to run from the confluence of the Flint & Chattahoochee Rivers, extending east southeast to a point marking the headwaters of the St. Mary’s River (which is where Mr. Ellicott placed his famous mound).

Here’s a GE shot showing the Mound’s location:

ge-ellicott2

And a map showing the western end of the line:

survey1

And the eastern end of the line (at Ellicott’s Mound):

survey2

So, Mr. Ellicott canoed/trekked up the St. Mary’s and built a mound of earth at the only dry location he could find in the general vicinity of the headwaters of the river.  He designated this as the eastern end of the survey line.

He then marked out a straight line, running approximately 158 miles:

ellicotts-line

Imagine doing this in 1800!  Dense forests everywhere; no roads, no modern surveying instruments (let alone GPS!).  He really knew his astronomy, and used the stars to determine his location.  But I can imagine starting at one end, and then being a few thousand feet too far north when you reached the other!  But no.  He nailed it.

By the way, Andrew Ellicott had quite the resume:

  • He completed the unfinished Mason-Dixon line
  • He surveyed the limits and street plans for Washington DC
  • Performed a topographical survey of the Niagara River and Niagara Falls
  • Plotted a road from Reading PA to Erie PA (a straight line distance of 250 miles). For those of you who (like me) are familiar with the ridges of central Pennsylvania, you realize the difficulty of this task (think about the PA Turnpike and all of the tunnels).
  • Surveyed the boundary between Alabama and Florida (the 31st parallel).
  • Surveyed the boundary between Georgia and North Carolina, which was in dispute.

Time to move on to Saint George.

Saint George has very little internet presence (aka, it’s hookless).

Of some (but not much) interest is the Wiki-noted fact that St. George has the southern-most post office in Georgia and that St. George Elementary is the southernmost school in Georgia.

From VanishingSouthGeorgia.com, this photograph by Brian Brown is of the afore-mentioned southern-most elementary school:

st-george-elementary-school-photograph-copyright-brian-brown-vanishing-south-georgia-usa-2012

Hard to argue with the sentiment (although in our current political climate, I often wonder).

(Never fear, ALAD Nation!  I will not – I repeat – will not – begin talking politics!)

Anyway, I was curious about the name “Saint George” (Wiki has nothing to say on the king_george_iisubject).  After all, the State of Georgia was named after King Georgia II, hardly a Saint (king of England from 1727 to 1760).  He was quite the fru-fru dude (as shown to the right).  He hardly looks saintly!

There’s a Saint George, Utah, but that was named after Mormon Apostle George A. Smith.  George was Joseph Smith’s nephew and (according to the Mormon hierarchy) is one of 13 Apostles who preside below the Mormon top gun aka the Prophet aka the President.  This hierarchical structure is present to this day.  Anyway, during George Smith’s time, the Prophet was Brigham Young.  I don’t believe that the Mormons typically bequeath sainthood on their leadership . . .

But there is an actual Saint George, who I assume the town of Saint George, Georgia was named after.  From Wiki:

Saint George; AD 278 to 303); according to legend, was a Roman soldier of Greek origin and officer in the Guard of Roman emperor Diocletian.  Diocletian ordered his death for failing to recant his Christian faith.  As a Christian martyr, he later became one of the most venerated saints in Christianity.

Saint George is the patron saint of England. His cross forms the national flag of England, and features within the Union Jack of the United Kingdom.

During my internet perusing, I came across the fact that the settlers of the Georgia Bend region were overwhelmingly of British origins (although I can’t find the reference now); so it’s the official ALAD position that Saint George was named after Saint George.

I came across VanishingSouthGeorgia.com, and this photo by Brian Brown of a house in Saint George:

st-george-ga-vernacular-house-photograph-copyright-brian-brown-vanishing-south-georgia-usa-2013

It was identified as a “great example of so-called Cracker-style architecture” common in Northern Florida and Southern Georgia. 

This definitely rang a bell for me, so a quick ALAD search took me to my Bronson, Florida post, which contained this picture of a strikingly-similar house:

old-cracker-house-from-bronson-post

From my earlier post:

This picture was labeled “Classic Cracker House.”  My only knowledge of the term “cracker” is that it is a derogatory term applied to southern whites (mostly poor, I assume).  But I did a little research.  From Wiki (under “Florida Cracker Architecture”):

Florida cracker architecture is a style of woodframe home used fairly commonly in the 19th century, and still popular with some developers as a source of design themes. Florida cracker homes are characterized by metal roofs, raised floors, large porch areas (often wrapping around the entire home), and straight central hallways from the front to the back of the home (sometimes called “dog trot” or “shotgun” hallways).

Then I looked at the Wiki entry for “Florida Cracker.”  Here are some excerpts:

The term “cracker” was in use during the Elizabethan era to describe braggarts.  The use of the word is documented in William Shakespeare’s King John (1595): “What cracker is this … that deafens our ears with this abundance of superfluous breath?”

By the 1760s the English, both at home and in the American colonies, applied the term “cracker” to Scots-Irish and English American settlers of the remote southern back country, as noted in a letter to the Earl of Dartmouth: “I should explain to your Lordship what is meant by Crackers; a name they have got from being great boasters; they are a lawless set of rascals on the frontiers of Virginia, Maryland, the Carolinas, and Georgia.

Among some Floridians, the term is often used as a proud or jocular self-description. Since the huge influx of new residents (mostly northerners) into Florida in the late 20th and early 21st centuries, the term “Florida Cracker” is used informally by some Floridians to indicate that their families have lived in the state for many generations. It is considered a source of pride to be descended from “frontier people who did not just live but flourished in a time before air conditioning, mosquito repellent, and screens.”

Other Floridians (and white southerners in general) find the term highly offensive and insulting.

Well!  I certainly learned something . . .

Back to now.  Also by Brian Brown (the fellow who took the picture of the Cracker house in St. George) is this shot of the St. Mary’s River:

st-marys-river-railroad-trestle-photograph-copyright-brian-brown-vanishing-south-georgia-usa-2013

Speaking of the St. Mary’s, here’s a Wiki map:

stmarysflrivermap

Interesting that the river stops exactly at Ellicott’s Mound, eh?

From Wiki about the river:

The Saint Marys River (sometimes misspelled as St. Mary’s River) is a 126-mile-long river that forms a portion of the border between Georgia and Florida.   It is named after the Irish Saint Mary.

Now wait a minute!  “Misspelled as St. Mary’s River?!?”  You may have noticed that I have been consistently “misspelling” St. Marys as “St. Mary’s” throughout the post At least “St. Mary’s River” is grammatically correct!  For the record, my ALAD spreadsheet calls the river St. Mary’s!  And I will belligerently continue my misspelling ways.

So how about the Okefenokee Swamp?  I’ve featured it before, but thought that this time, I’d be a little more geologic.

From Wiki:

The Okefenokee was formed over the past 6,500 years by the accumulation of peat in a shallow basin on the edge of an ancient Atlantic coastal terrace, the geological relic of a Pleistocene estuary. The swamp is bordered by Trail Ridge, a strip of elevated land believed to have formed as coastal dunes or an offshore barrier island.

This is just the kind of geologic mumbo jumbo that gives my science a bad name!  I don’t even know what they’re talking about!  (Oh alright, so maybe I have a clue, but the wording is way too obtuse). 

So, peat (an accumulation of decaying vegetation) accumulated in a shallow basin over the past 6,500 years.  But the rest?  I need to understand it a little better, and pass the information along to my readers.

I found an on-line book:  “A Tide-swept Coast of Sand and Marsh: Coastal Geology and Ecology of Georgia” by Miles O. Hayes, Jacqueline Michel.

In the book, I garnered the following information:

The swamp formed in a low area landward (to the west of) a sandy ridge that is the remnants of an ancient barrier island system that was deposited when sea level was much higher than today.  This former barrier island is today called the Trail Ridge.  The Ridge is composed of sand and trends north-south:

trail-ridge-map

The barrier island was deposited some time between 1.0 and 1.7 million years ago when sea level was as much as 95-100 feet higher than today. 

The swamp is underlain by a vast deposit of peat, composed of >70% organic matter.  After a period of weathering, this organic material becomes a waxy brown mass with the consistency of peanut butter.  The peat accumulated over a period as long as 1 million years. (A little more than Wiki’s 6,500 years, eh?)

These deposits have been studied extensively by geologists, because its origin is likely similar to the origin of the extensive coal beds found throughout the world.

This got me thinking.  Back in the Carboniferous era (spanning 60 million years, from 360 million years ago until 300 million years ago), incredible thicknesses of coal deposits were laid down all over the world.  Ergo, the name “Carboniferous.”  And essentially all of the world’s coal is the same age.  Why is that?  Why aren’t there younger coal beds? 

Well, I found a post by science blogger Robert Drulwish (on NationalGeographic.com) entitled “The Fantastically Strange Origin of Most Coal on Earth.” This is a great post, and definitely worth the read!  He answers all of my questions about the origin of the world’s coal beds (and will answer yours as well, I’m sure)!  Click HERE.  Please.

If you refuse to so click, I’ll at least tell you this:  It turns out that the Carboniferous was a wet warm era with lots of treeish plants that grew quickly and died young (thus allowing for large accumulations of organic detritus).  But more importantly, the strain of bacteria that today breaks down organic matter was absent!  These bacteria have been present ever since 300 million years ago, and effectively nearly eliminate extensive accumulations of dead plant matter.  How about that . . . 

I’ll close with a couple of GE Panoramio shots of the St. Mary’s River.  First this, by MappyB:

pano-mappyb

And then this, by Mr. IPhone Tommy:

pano-mriphonetommy-st-marys

That’ll do it . . .

KS

Greg

 

© 2016 A Landing A Day

 

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged: , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Granite and Larchwood, Iowa

Posted by graywacke on December 27, 2016

First timer?  In this formerly once-a-day blog (and now pretty much a once-every-four-or-five days blog), I have my computer select a random latitude and longitude that puts me somewhere in the continental United States (the lower 48).  I call this “landing.”  I keep track of the watersheds I land in, as well as the town I land near.  I do some internet research to hopefully find something of interest about my landing location.  To find out more about A Landing A Day (like who “Dan” is) please see “About Landing” above.  To check out some recent changes in how I do things, check out “About Landing (Revisited).”

Landing number 2316; A Landing A Day blog post number 747.

untitledDan:  Today’s lat/long (43o 26.229’N, 96o 34.897’W) puts me in far northwest Iowa:

landing-1

My local landing shows two highlights:  one of my titular towns (where’s Granite?) and something called “Gutchie Manitou State Monument Park.”  Without going into any detail, I will say right now that “Gutchie” is a typo.  It’s actually “Gitchie,” as in “by the shores of Gitche Gumee.”  More later.  Anyway, here ‘tis:

landing-2

My streams-only map is very simple:

landing-3

This was my 6th landing in the Big Sioux watershed (my latest was only 6 landings ago); on to the Missouri (417th hit); and, of course, to the MM (904th).

It’s time for that fan-favorite, my Google Earth (GE) spaceflight to extreme NW Iowa.  Click HERE, enjoy the trip, and hit your back button.

I managed to get the Orange Dude to within about three quarters of a mile from my landing:

ge-sv-landing-map

And here’s what he sees:

ge-sv-landing

A Street View-enabled bridge over the Big Sioux is quite close:

ge-sv-river-map

And the OD sees this lovely view:

ge-sv-river

Before I go to all things Gitchie (aka Gitche), here’s a GE shot showing a particular Panoramio shot as well as the “town” of Granite:

ge1

In the above shot, my cursor was on a particular Panoramio photo, which is how I discovered the existence of “Good Earth State Park,” and the more mysterious “Blood Run.”

Blood Run is a stream in Iowa about 2 miles north of my landing (that of course discharges to the Big Sioux).  According to Wiki, the stream is named for the red soil (and presumably the red clay that is suspended in the stream, turning it red).  “Run” is a midwestern term for a small stream.

But more importantly, Blood Run is the name of an archaeological site that spans the Big Sioux in the vicinity of the Run.  From Wiki:

The Blood Run Site was continuously populated for 8,500 years, and contains earthwork structures built by the Oneota Culture and occupied by descendant tribes.

Now, wait a second, take a deep breath and think about 8,500 years of continuous occupation.  Here in the U.S., anything that’s 200 years old is mighty old to us.  In Europe, 1000 years is old, 2000 years (Roman) is ancient.  In Egypt, we can go back 5,000 years.  So, 8,500 years is nothing to sneeze at. 

Figuring 20 years/generation, that’s 425 generations of Indians who lived there!

Back to Wiki:

Although declared a National Historic Landmark in 1970, its integrity is endangered by gravel quarrying and looting.  The site was substantially looted and areas wholly destroyed by settlers and looters through the late 1930s and by subsequent generations of collectors. A possible snake mound rivaling the Serpent Mound in Ohio was used for railroad fill.

Blood Run was mapped in the early 18th century by French explorers and about 480 mounds existed and a population of 10,000 Native people was documented.  In the late 19th century, 176 mounds were still visible. Today 78 mounds still exist, mostly burial.

And prior to the early 18th century census, there might have been 100,000 people living here before small pox swept through.  And then after the census?  Likely down to a 1,000 thanks to disease and war.  OK, so I made up the numbers, but they’re probably not that far off . . .

Anyway, the Blood Run Site is currently protected by two State Parks:  Good Earth in SD, and Gitchie Manitou in Iowa.

When I was meandering around GE, I happened to notice a peculiar bit of dead-end-out-in-the-middle-of-nowhere Street View coverage over by Good Earth Park.  So I sent the Orange Dude over to check it out:

ge-sv-good-earth-map

It’s little more than a mowed path in a field:

ge-sv-good-earth

And then I stumbled on a young couple, apparently out for a walk (although it looks like the gentleman may be doing something on his handheld device):

ge-sv-good-earth-2

I scrolled (strolled?) past the couple, and was amazed that they seemed oblivious to the GoogleCamMobile.  I made a quick video, which you can access HERE.

I mean, really!  If I were standing out in the middle of a field, and a car came by with a peculiar attachment sticking up out of the roof, I’d at least pay attention.  If I realized it was a GoogleCamMobile, I’d be jumping up and down waving.  But then, I’m a dork. . .

Amazing, isn’t it, that the GoogleCamMobile driver actually shot a Street View video here?

An excellent photographer (Mike Oistad) took quite the series of photos in the park.  They’re not of particular archealogical interest, so I’ll save ‘em for the end of the post.

You may have noted the town of Granite in my GE shot from a ways back.  It’s just a couple of miles north of my landing.  Here’s a GE close-up:

ge-granite

The hot spot in Granite is Ed & Ruth Hansen’s General Store.  Here’ a Pano shot by SShultz:

pano-sshult-ed-and-ruth-hansens-general-store

I like the landscaping (the little tree out front).  In a few decades, it’ll be a little more impressive.

So what about the name Granite?  Well, I’m not intimately familiar with Iowa bedrock geology, but I really didn’t expect granite to be anywhere around here.  Just to double check, I took a look at an Iowa geologic map (Wiki, Bill Whittaker):

1024px-iowabedrock

Granite is typically very old rock, since it is magma that cools very slowly far down in the earth’s crust, and then takes a long time before it’s uplifted and exposed (typically hundreds of millions, if not billions of years).  Well, way up in the northwest corner of Iowa, note that it says “Precambrian.”  This is a catch-all term for any rocks older than about 600 million years.  (All of the other rocks in Iowa are younger.)

With a little more research, I discovered that the bedrock in the far northwestern corner of Iowa is known as the Sioux Quartzite, which is a layered, pink and whitish rock commonly used as a building stone in the general area.

Generically speaking, a quartzite is a quartz-rich metamorphic rock (typically an ancient sandstone that got squished and melted through the eons).  Geologically speaking, it’s not a granite at all, but lay people often call “granite” anything that isn’t a limestone, sandstone, shale or marble – i.e., any igneous rock or any metamorphic rock that looks igneous.

Just go shopping for “granite” counter tops and you’ll see what I mean!

Anyway, I found this picture in a July 2013 SouthDakotaMagazine.com article by Christian Begeman, where he extols the beauty of Sioux Quartzite (the picture shows the banks of the Big Sioux River):

christian-begeman-big-sioux-dells-2013-5

The Gitchie Manitou State Preserve is located in the NW Iowa outcrop area of the Sioux Quartzite and has its own Wiki page:

Gitchie Manitou is a small (91 acre) nature preserve in Lyon County, in the extreme northwestern corner of Iowa just northwest of Granite, Iowa, or just southeast of Sioux Falls, South Dakota. This natural prairie preserve is noted for its ancient Native American burial mounds and Precambrian Sioux Quartzite outcroppings, which are about 1.6 billion years old.  The smooth, pink-colored bedrock is the oldest exposed rock in the state.

The parcel was formally dedicated as a geological, archaeological, historical, and biological preserve in 1969. The preserve was named for the creator spirit in Anishinaabe Indian tradition, Gichi-Manidoo (literally “Great Spirit” or “Great Force of Nature”).

Given that Lake Superior is known as Gitche Gumee, it’s pretty obvious that gitche = gitchie = great.

Not only did Mike Oistad take pictures of the Good Earth State Park, he also took pictures at Gitchie Manitou.  Here are some of his classy Panoramio shots:

WE INTERRUPT OUR REGULAR BLOGGING FOR THIS BREAKING NEWS STORY!!!  AT APPROXIMATELY NOON ON DECEMBER 6, 2016, I WAS UNABLE TO DOWNLOAD GOOGLE EARTH PANORAMIO PHOTOS!  AND YES – GOOGLE EARTH HAS SHUT DOWN PANORAMIO!!!  THE ICONS REMAIN ON THE MAP, BUT WHEN YOU CLICK ON ONE, ALL YOU SEE IS A BLANK SPACE WHERE THE PICTURE SHOULD BE.

THIS IS TRAGIC NEWS!  COUNTLESS BLOGGERS (ESPECIALLY ONE GREG HILL OF A LANDING A DAY FAME) HAVE RELIED ON PANORAMIO PHOTOS FOR YEARS AND YEARS, HUNDREDS OF POSTS, AND THOUSANDS OF PANORAMIO PHOTOS.

Here’s a screen shot I took after searching this subject on today’s (Dec 6) Google News:

ge-panoramio-shut-down-google-news

However, with some finesse, I was able to do a Google search for Panoramio photos by Mike Oistad (not through Google Earth) and was able to download many of his wonderful shots of my landing vicinity.  However, a warning popped up letting me know that Panoramio was shutting down, so this was a temporary work around. 

His photos are great, and I’ll present a veritable Oistad feast to close out this post.

My other titular town actually appeared on my local landing map:  Larchwood.  It’s pretty much hookless, but Wiki did have this to say:

Larchwood (pop 866) was founded about 1872 by Illinois land developers Jesse Fell and Charles Holder.

.Fell was a close friend of Abraham Lincoln, and persuaded Lincoln to write his famous autography.  He also persuaded Lincoln to challenge his presidential opponent, Stephen A. Douglas to what would become the historically famous series of debates.  He was nationally known for his love of trees.

In the summer of 1869 Fell traveled to northwestern Iowa and selected a tract of about forty sections, more than 25,000 acres of land. Fell wrote, “I have never beheld such a large body of surpassingly beautiful prairie as is here to be found. There is absolutely no waste of land, and scarce a quarter of a section not affording an admirable building site.”

Holder then entered the land. Larchwood was established at the center of their holdings. Fell frequently visited the site and in May 0f 1873 personally supervised the planting of some 100,000 saplings and tree cuttings.

Fell’s not a bad looking guy (Wiki photo):

jessefell

Under “Notable People” from Larchwood is Cheri Blauwet.  From Wiki:

Cheri Blauwet (born May 15, 1980) is an American wheelchair racer. She has competed at the Olympic and Paralympic level in events ranging from the 100 meters to the marathon.

Blauwet grew up in Larchwood, Iowa, in a farming family.  She began racing in high school, when she was recruited by her school’s track and field coach. She later attended the University of Arizona, where she was a member of the school’s wheelchair racing team

She graduated magna cum laude with a degree in molecular biology. She attended Stanford University School of Medicine and completed her residency including being chief resident in physical medicine and rehabilitation at Harvard Medical School. She is currently a Fellow in Sports Medicine at the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago (RIC).

She competed in her first marathon in Japan in 2002, and two weeks later won the New York City race, her second marathon.  She then went on to win the New York City Marathon twice (2002, 2003), the Boston Marathon twice (2004, 2005), and the Los Angeles Marathon four times (2003, 2004, 2005, and 2008).

Wow.  Another smart jock!  (I say “another” because I recently wrote about former Major League Baseball catcher Johnny Bench, who was valedictorian of his Binger, Oklahoma high school class).

Here’s a shot of Dr. Blauwet (from BU.edu – Boston University):

Blauwet, Cheri MD

And another – a Reuters photo of her defending her Boston Marathon title in 2005:

Defending Boston Marathon women's wheelchair champion Cheri Blauwet of the United States crosses the finish line to win the 109th Boston Marathon in a time of one hour, forty-seven minutes and forty-five seconds in Boston, Massachusetts April 18, 2005. REUTERS/Brian Snyder

Defending Boston Marathon women’s wheelchair champion Cheri Blauwet of the United States crosses the finish line to win the 109th Boston Marathon in a time of one hour, forty-seven minutes and forty-five seconds in Boston, Massachusetts April 18, 2005. REUTERS/Brian Snyder

And here’s a very cool PBS.org video of Cheri talking about . . . Cheri:

 

It’s time for closing GE Pano shots (and I really mean closing). Yes.  This may be the last GE pano shots posted on this blog.  I went a little overboard, but thanks to Mike Oistad, these are good ‘uns.  I’ll start in Good Earth State Park, South Dakota:

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pano-mike-oistad5-good-earth

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And I’ll close with some from Gitchie Monitou State Preserve in Iowa, starting with an old house constructed of Sioux Quartzite (and followed by more traditional scenic shots):

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Note that interior decoration for the above was provided by FRED.

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pano-mike-oistad-gitchie-1

That’ll do it . . .

KS

Greg

 

© 2016 A Landing A Day

 

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Reidsville, North Carolina

Posted by graywacke on December 22, 2016

First timer?  In this formerly once-a-day blog (and now pretty much a once-every-four-or-five days blog), I have my computer select a random latitude and longitude that puts me somewhere in the continental United States (the lower 48).  I call this “landing.”  I keep track of the watersheds I land in, as well as the town I land near.  I do some internet research to hopefully find something of interest about my landing location.  To find out more about A Landing A Day (like who “Dan” is) please see “About Landing” above.  To check out some recent changes in how I do things, check out “About Landing (Revisited).”

Landing number 2315; A Landing A Day blog post number 746.

untitledDan:  Today’s lat/long (36o 15.953’N, 79o 41.338’W) puts me in North Central North Carolina:

landing-1

And my local landing map:

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My streams-only map shows that I landed very close to and obviously in the watershed of the Haw River (3rd hit), on to the Cape Fear (12th hit):

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Without further ado, click HERE to access my Google Earth (GE) space flight in to N-Cen NC.

I have decent GE Street View coverage of my landing:

 ge-sv-landing-map

And here’s what the Orange Dude sees:

 ge-sv-landing

And I’m not too far from Street View coverage of the Haw River:

 ge-sv-haw-map

And here ‘tis:

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Reidsville is pretty much hookless (as are some other small towns just outside my local landing map).  The only thing that caught my eye is in the “Notable People” list:  one Tony Rice, bluegrass musician.  I had never heard of him, but his name was clickable, so I clicked (and clicked and clicked).

He is a true bluegrass music legend, both as an acoustic guitar player and a singer.  Although he was born a few miles north in Danville VA, he has long resided in Reidsville (and still does, I believe).

He has had serious health issues and can no longer sing, and can rarely play the guitar.  From a 2014 NY Times Magazine article by Sandra Beasley (NY Times photo by Jeremy M. Lang):ny-times-pic

Rice’s warm, slightly nasal baritone has been silenced for nearly two decades by muscle-tension dysphonia, a disorder that contracts muscles around the vocal cords, interrupting speech and strangling pitch. Rice attributes the throat spasms partly to the strain of singing for years above his natural range — though he does not deny that the stress of life on the road has played its part as well. The last time he recalls singing in public was the 1994 Gettysburg Bluegrass Festival. “Guys, this is it,” he said midset. “I have to shut it down.”

Just to give you an idea of how revered this guy is, here’s a piece by John Lawless who writes for Bluegrass Today:

In bluegrass music circles, no question is asked more consistently that some variation of, “What’s going on with Tony Rice?”

Followers of his music reacted with immediate generosity in 2013 when an appeal went out for financial support when he was unable to perform, and reaction to his stirring speech (in his natural voice) when inducted into the IBMA’s Bluegrass Hall of Fame in September of that year demonstrated the hold Rice has on the imagination and heart of the bluegrass community.

Pretty much everyone in our world has at least wondered one or twice how Tony was doing with both his speech therapy and the arm and hand problems that were preventing him from playing the guitar. The notoriously private Rice clan hasn’t been offering much information.

But fortunately, the Greensboro, NC News & Record’s Dawn DeCwikiel-Kane caught up with Tony when he was in Eden over the weekend to accept a Lifetime Achievement Award at the annual Charlie Poole Music Festival.

She asked the question that has had all of bluegrass buzzing this past two years…

Rice said he aims to return to performing, but he isn’t sure when.

“My father had a saying, ‘When you don’t know what to do, don’t do anything,’ ” he said.

“So many of my jazz heroes, they reached that point where they had to take a few years off,” he added. “Their bodies were worn out from the road and so much work. … When I read that other musical heroes were having to do the same thing in their life, having to take a long hiatus for various reasons, then I don’t feel so bad.

“But I am not going to go back out into the public eye until I can be the musician that I was, where I left off or better,” Rice said. “I have been blessed with a very devout audience all these years, and I am certainly not going to let anybody down. I am not going to risk going out there and performing in front of people again until I can entertain them in a way that takes away from them the rigors and the dust, the bumps in the road of everyday life.”

So… still no definitive answer, but a very hopeful sign for those of us who miss seeing Tony Rice on the stage where he was meant to appear.

Of course, I need a few You Tube videos.  I’ll start out with a fairly young Tony, accompanying himself, singing Church Street Blues.  Note that you get a good view of his picking style.  Although it sounds like finger picking, he’s just using a flat pick.

 

Here come Nine Pound Hammer by the Tony Rice All Star Jam.  Wow.  All these guys are incredible!

 

And now Freeborn Man, also by the Tony Rice All Star Jam (at the same gig), but this time also featuring Bela Fleck, famed (and 16-time Grammy winner) banjo player.

 

Time to put a wrap on this here flat-pickin’ post.  I found this GE Panoramio shot by Steve “Country Traveler” Tysinger, taken about 2 miles NE of my landing:

pano-steve-country-traveler-tysinger

This looked instantly familiar to me, because of some old silos located about 800 miles SSE of this landing.  Say what?  (You may ask).  Well, here’s where 800 miles SSE of this landing puts me:

silos-on-eleuthera

As those of you who know me are well aware, my wife Jody and her brother Skip built a beach house on Eleuthera.  Not surprisingly, I’ve been there many, many times.  I absolutely love our house and love spending time on Eleuthera. 

Anyway, countless times I’ve driven on the stretch of Queen’s Highway between Gregory Town and Hatchet Bay (our house is just north of Gregory Town and Hatchet Bay is further south).  Queen’s highway is the N-S road that is Eleuthera’s major road (and it doesn’t even have a center stripe).

 Here’s what one sees (GE Pano shot by Kodac Gibson):

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And here’s another nearby shot, by arnopg:

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This part of Eleuthera was a thriving agricultural area back in the day, but hasn’t been active for a long time.  Some folks say the silos stored cattle food, while others are more vague . . .

And just for the heck of it, here’s a gratuitous shot of the beach where our house is (by yours truly).  The island is Gaulding Cay.

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And on the same day as the above (and less than hour earlier), here’s a shot on the east (ocean) side of the island, less than half a mile away (same photo credit):

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And, also by the same excellent photographer (several years later):

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If you’re curious about our house (which we rent out), it’s called The Cay House.  Go to TheCayHouse.com to check it out.

Enough, already.  Back to North Carolina, I’ll close with this lovely Pano shot by Timothy Watkins, about 5 miles north of my landing:

pano-timothy-watkins-5-miles-n

That’ll do it . . .

KS

Greg

 

© 2016 A Landing A Day

 

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